Radiation Oncology and its Advantages


Radiation oncologists use a variety of treatment methods, including radiation implantation, external beam radiation therapy, hyperthermia, and combination therapies, such as surgical radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy. It is an inspiring, rewarding and exciting field, with various opportunities in the public and private spheres. It combines the best areas of care for patients of all ages, as well as challenging and constantly changing treatment methods. Daily work can be fun and motivated.


Radiation therapy uses high-energy particles or waves, such as X-rays, gamma rays, electron beams, or protons, to kill or destroy cancer cells. Radiation not only kills or slows the growth of cancer cells, it can also affect nearby healthy cells. Damage to healthy cells can cause side effects. Many people who get radiation therapy have fatigue.


A surgical oncologist is a surgeon who specializes in biopsies and removal of cancerous tumors and surrounding tissues and related operations. Radiation oncologists specialize in treating cancer with radiation therapy to shrink or destroy cancer cells or relieve cancer-related symptoms. Throughout the treatment, you will hear a clicking or buzzing sound, and the machine may emit a strange smell. Usually people receive treatment 5 times a week.


Foods to avoid or reduce during radiation therapy include sodium (salt), added sugar, solid (saturated) fats, and excess alcohol. All diets need some salt. Your doctor or dietician can recommend the amount of salt to consume based on your medical history.


Types of Radiation therapy:

There are two main types: External Beam Radiation and Internal Beam Radiation.

Radiation therapy is associated with serious side effects, many of which do not appear until months or years after treatment. Acute side effects occur and disappear within 14 days of treatment, but long-term effects, such as bone degeneration, skin ulcers, and bladder irritation, take longer to show up.